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5th International Conference and Expo on Dermatopathology and Skin Care, will be organized around the theme “Dermatopathology and Skin Care:”
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Dermatopathology is the investigation of cutaneous illnesses at a minuscule level, which likewise includes considering potential reasons for skin, nail or hair issue at the phone level. It is a subspecialty of dermatology and surgical pathology .
Dermatopathology focuses on diagnosis and observation of skin diseases along with infections, chronic and neo-plastic diseases. Dermatopathology involves the microscopic examination, description and interpretation of diagnostic assay specimens obtained from the skin. A dermato-pathologist performs a series of microscopic observations to detect the actual disease. Interpretation of skin specimens is difficult as several inflammatory skin diseases share identical basic inflammatory method or pattern. The ultimate identification needs clinical input and clinicopathological correlation. In some cases, extra specialized testing must be performed on biopsies, as well as technique, assay, microscopy, flow cytometry, and molecular-pathologic analysis.
What is dermatology?
Dermatology is a branch of medicine that deals with the skin and diseases of the skin. It concerns the study, research and diagnosis of normal skin and disorders of the skin. Cancers, cosmetic and aging conditions of the skin, fat, hair, nails and oral and genital membranes are all aspects of dermatology.
What do dermatologists do?
Dermatologists specialise in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin diseases and cancers. The skin is the largest organ in the body and also includes hair, nails, the wet areas of the mouth and genitalia.
Typical skin consultations include acne, psoriasis, atopic eczema, skin infections such as warts, mole surveillance, melasma and occupational dermatitis. Dermatologists also conduct Mohs surgery and deliver cosmetic services such as laser therapy.
Surgical pathology is the most huge and tedious zone of training for most anatomical pathologists. Surgical pathology includes gross and minute examination of surgical examples, and in addition biopsies put together by specialists and non-specialists, for example, general internists, medicinal subspecialists, dermatologists, and interventional radiologists.
Immunohistochemical technique is increasing in diagnosing various diseases. In many situations it may not be possible to differentiate entities with overlapping clinical and histopathological features. Immunostaining of cellular antigens is immensely helpful in such cases. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has also been in use for targeted cancer therapy. In this article, the discussion will be restricted to use of IHC in dermatological disorders and use of classical antigens with brief updating of some important newly discovered antigens.
Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the hair, nails, skin and its diseases. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin includes Acne is a long-term skin condition characterized by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, greasy skin, and possibly scarring. Skin cancer & malignancy of epithelial cells, Contact dermatitis, Kawasaki syndrome, Inflammation, scars & rashes,Viral skin diseases.
Among the classic diagnostic investigations are the use of Wood's light in many dermatologic disorders eg, vitiligo, pityriasis versicolor, erythrasma, porphyrias, cytodiagnosis of Tzanck in dermatologic practice eg, herpetic infections, molluscum contagiosum, leishmaniasis, pemphigus vulgaris, basal cell carcinoma, erythroplasia of Queyrat, Hailey-Hailey disease and microscopic examination for fungal and bacterial skin infections as well as for mite infestation using potassium hydroxide, simple saline, and Gram stain. Modern molecular biotechnologies encompassing gene-specific polymerase chain reaction and its variants have a substantial affect in selected cases of viral especially herpes simplex virus, bacterial, fungal, and protozoan Leishmania skin infections.
Clinical pathology covers a wide range of laboratory functions and is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Clinical pathologists are healthcare providers with special training who often direct all of the special divisions of the lab. This may include the blood bank, clinical chemistry and biology, toxicology, hematology, immunology and serology, and microbiology. Clinical pathology also involves maintenance of information systems, research, and quality control.
Pediatric pathology is the sub-specialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of children. Pediatric pathologists generally work closely with pediatricians. Being pediatric pathologists, the doctors work closely with children, diagnosing their problems.
Forensic pathology is an application of medical jurisprudence. A forensic pathologist is a medical doctor who has completed training in anatomical pathology and has subsequently specialized in forensic pathology. The requirements for becoming a "fully qualified" forensic pathologist vary from country to country.
The complex and fascinating spectrum of inflammatory skin disease, and the comprehension of it, is ever expanding and evolving. During the first decade of the 21st century, numerous advances in the understanding of inflammatory disease mechanisms have occurred, particularly in psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Continuation of this trend will assure a future in which molecular tests for biomarkers of immediate clinical relevance are used in routine patient care, not only for diagnosis but also for prognosis and management. This article focuses on selected recent or noteworthy developments that are clinically relevant for the histologic diagnosis of inflammatory skin diseases.
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology is a peer-reviewed medical journal and an official journal of the Society for Dermopharmacy. It was established in 1988 under the title Skin Pharmacology, renamed to Skin Pharmacology and Applied Skin Physiology in 1998, and obtained its current title in 2003.
Toxicology is a branch of biology, chemistry, and medicine (more specifically pharmacology) concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. It also studies the harmful effects of chemical, biological and physical agents in biological systems that establishes the extent of damage in living organisms.
The field of Aesthetic and cosmetic dermatology has gained remarkable interest all over the world. The major advantage of recent years is the high scientific levels of the most significant new developments in techniques and pharmacotherapy and other nonsurgical approaches like Laser resurfacing, Sclerotherapy, Soft tissue augmentation. With an aging population and increasing consumer awareness, demand for high-quality, innovative cosmeceutical products will be on the rise in 2014.
In fact, Global Information, an information service company that partners with research firms worldwide, recently released statistics that stated that the global cosmeceuticals market should reach $31.84 billion by 2016. According to another report released by Medical Insight, the total retail sales of home-use devices and disposables are expected to rise by 11.4 percent per year to exceed $1.5 billion in 2017.
Skin biopsy examples are handled and after that recolored with Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E). Eosin is acidic in nature and stains fundamental/basic/acidophilic structures red/pink. Haematoxylin is basic, and stains acidic/basophilic structures (eg, deoxynucleic corrosive, ribonucleic corrosive inside cell cores) blue. Contingent upon the watched dermatopathological design introduce and additionally the clinical highlights, exceptional stains might be asked for to recognize operators causing the condition (e.g. microscopic organisms or parasites), particular substances stored in the skin (e.g. amyloid, iron or melanin) or particular markers to distinguish the cause, nature and conveyance of cells in the example being inspected.
Mohs surgery involves removing the visible skin cancer and layers of adjacent skin and soft tissue to facilitate microscopic examination of the excised tissue. Meticulous maps are created to follow tumor extensions, andexcisions are sequentially continued until no cancer cells are evident upon microscopic examination. The surgical wound is then repaired, or allowed to heal by secondary intention to preserve as much form and function as possible. Mohs micrographic surgery – developed in the 1930s by Dr. Frederic Mohs – offers the highest cure rates in the treatment of basal cell and squamous cell cancers of the skin.
Cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatment. Branches of specialty include hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, non-permanent hair removal such as waxing and sugaring and permanent hair removal processes such as electrology and Intense Pulsed Light (IPL). A cosmetologist gives beauty treatments to skin and hair etc. Cosmetologists can be expanded into multiple parts including cutting and chemically treating hair, chemical hair removal without a sharp blade, fashion trends, wigs, nails and skin care, skin and hair analysis; relaxation techniques including head, neck, scalp, hand and feet basic massage and aroma therapies.